A Visionary and Pioneer in India’s Medical Landscape

Early Life and Education of Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

A Promising Start: Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy’s journey began on July 1, 1882, in Patna, Bihar. His exceptional academic prowess was evident during his early education in the village of Patna. Driven by a passion for medicine, he pursued higher education at the prestigious Calcutta Medical College.

Medical Career and Achievements

Pursuit of Excellence: After graduating from Calcutta Medical College, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy specialized in surgery, achieving remarkable expertise in the field. His commitment to learning and constant pursuit of knowledge played a significant role in shaping his illustrious medical career.

Patriotism and Dedication: Dr. Roy’s deep-rooted patriotism led him to actively participate in India’s freedom movement. Embracing the principles of Mahatma Gandhi, he became an influential figure in the fight against British colonial rule. Despite his dedication to the cause of independence, Dr. Roy remained committed to his medical practice and responsibilities.

Founding the Chittaranjan Seva Sadan

A Vision for Quality Healthcare: Driven by his vision to provide quality healthcare to the masses, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy played a pivotal role in the establishment of Chittaranjan Seva Sadan in 1930. This charitable hospital aimed to provide affordable and accessible healthcare services to the underprivileged sections of society.

Pioneering Initiatives: Under Dr. Roy’s guidance, Chittaranjan Seva Sadan introduced several pioneering initiatives, including the first-ever diabetic clinic in India. The hospital also provided specialized services in tuberculosis treatment, maternity care, and orthopedics.

Dr. Roy’s emphasis on holistic healthcare, community outreach, and innovative treatment methodologies set new benchmarks in medical practices.

The Birth of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)

A Dream Realized: Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy’s visionary leadership culminated in the establishment of the prestigious All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi. He firmly believed in the need for a world-class medical institution that could nurture future generations of healthcare professionals and conduct groundbreaking research.

Shaping AIIMS’ Foundations: Dr. Roy’s meticulous planning and unwavering determination laid the foundation of AIIMS. His tireless efforts ensured that the institution’s infrastructure, faculty, and curriculum were of the highest standards. Today, AIIMS stands as a beacon of excellence, producing skilled doctors, conducting innovative research, and providing advanced medical care to millions.

Honors and Recognition

Bharat Ratna Award: In recognition of his outstanding contributions to the medical field and his relentless service to society, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy was posthumously conferred the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, in 1961. This honor further solidified his status as an icon and a national treasure.

Legacy and Remembrance: Dr. Roy’s legacy lives on through the countless lives he touched and the institutions he founded. The Dr. B.C. Roy National Award was established in his honor to recognize exceptional contributions in medicine and healthcare. His name continues to inspire generations of doctors and leaders, reminding them of the importance of compassion, dedication, and innovation.


Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy’s contributions to India’s medical landscape are nothing short of extraordinary. His vision, dedication, and pioneering initiatives continue to shape the healthcare sector today.

From the establishment of Chittaranjan Seva Sadan to the birth of AIIMS, his impact on India’s medical infrastructure and services is unparalleled.

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy will forever be remembered as a visionary leader, an exceptional physician, and a national hero whose tireless efforts transformed the healthcare landscape and brought hope and healing to millions.



By Admin

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