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Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is one of the most widely celebrated Hindu festivals in India and other parts of the world. This festival symbolizes the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. The celebration takes place over five days and is observed by lighting lamps, fireworks, exchanging gifts, and feasting with family and friends. In this article, we will explore the history, significance, and customs associated with Diwali.

History of Diwali:

Diwali has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. There are several legends associated with the festival, each having its own significance. The most popular legend is the story of Lord Rama, who, after defeating the demon king Ravana and rescuing his wife Sita, returned to his kingdom of Ayodhya. The people of Ayodhya lit up their homes to welcome Lord Rama, and since then, the tradition of lighting diyas during Diwali has been observed.

Another popular legend is the story of Lord Vishnu, who defeated the demon king Bali and restored the throne to the gods. This legend is celebrated as Diwali in southern India. Yet another legend is the story of Lord Krishna, who defeated the demon king Narakasura.

Significance of Diwali:

Diwali holds great significance for Hindus as it marks the victory of good over evil and light over darkness. The festival symbolizes the triumph of knowledge and awareness over ignorance and darkness. It is a celebration of hope, peace, and joy, and is seen as a time to cleanse the mind, body, and soul and start anew.

The lighting of lamps and fireworks during Diwali is said to chase away the darkness and bring in light and positivity. The exchange of sweets and gifts is a way of spreading love, happiness, and joy among family and friends.

Customs and Traditions:

Diwali is celebrated in various ways across India, with some regional differences. However, some customs and traditions are common throughout the country.

Lighting of Lamps:

Lighting of lamps, or diyas, is an essential part of Diwali celebrations. Diyas are placed in homes, temples, and public places, and the illumination is said to symbolize the victory of light over darkness.


Fireworks are a significant part of Diwali celebrations. People light fireworks to mark the victory of Lord Rama over Ravana and to celebrate the festival. Fireworks are also said to chase away evil spirits and bring in positivity.

Exchange of Sweets and Gifts:

Exchanging sweets and gifts is an integral part of Diwali celebrations. People exchange sweets and gifts with family, friends, and neighbors to symbolize the spreading of love, happiness, and joy.

Cleaning and Decorating:

Homes are thoroughly cleaned and decorated with rangolis, flower petals, and lights in preparation for Diwali. This is done to welcome the gods and chase away evil spirits.

Puja and Worship:

Diwali is a time for worship and prayer. Hindus perform puja and offer prayers to Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi, seeking their blessings for prosperity and happiness.

Feasting and Celebrations:

Diwali is a time for feasting and celebration with family and friends. People prepare delicious sweets and savories to share with loved ones. The festival is also marked by dancing, singing, and other forms of entertainment.


Diwali is a festival that holds great significance for Hindus, symbolizing the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. The festival is celebrated with lighting of lamps, fireworks, exchange of sweets and gifts, cleaning and decorating homes, puja and worship, and feasting and celebrations.

Diwali is a time for bringing families and communities together, spreading love, happiness, and joy. It is a time for reflection, renewal, and hope for a better future. In conclusion, Diwali is a festival that embodies the values of hope, peace, and joy, and is an occasion for spreading these values to others.


Diwali, the festival of lights,

Brings joy and happiness to sight,

With lamps aglow and fireworks bright,

It illuminates the darkest night.

The air is filled with love and cheer,

As friends and family gather near,

To share sweet treats and good food,

And bask in this festival’s bright mood.

The homes are adorned with rangolis,

And diyas that shine like stars,

The sounds of laughter and music,

Fills the hearts of young and old with love.

With Lord Rama’s return celebrated,

And blessings from Lakshmi received,

This festival brings hope and peace,

For a prosperous and happy life,

at least.

So let us celebrate this Diwali,

With love, joy, and unity,

For it is a time to spread light,

And banish the darkness with love’s might.


Diwali, the festival of delight,

Brings happiness and a warm light,

As diyas flicker and candles burn,

And the joy of the season returns.

With streets adorned and houses bright,

The celebration takes to the night,

As families gather, old and new,

To share love and happiness,

it’s true.

There’s laughter, music, and food to share,

As memories are made, beyond compare,

And the sparks of fireworks in the sky,

Bring a mesmerizing light to the eye.

With prayers to the gods and good wishes sent,

For health, wealth, and contentment,

Diwali reminds us to spread cheer,

And bring happiness, far and near.

So let’s celebrate this festival bright,

With love, peace, and unity in sight,

For Diwali brings hope to our lives,

And fills our hearts with joy that thrives.


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