Milkha Singh, popularly known as the ‘Flying Sikh,’ was a track and field athlete who brought glory to India through his exceptional sporting achievements. Born in a small village in Punjab, Milkha Singh overcame poverty, the trauma of partition, and personal loss to become one of the greatest athletes in Indian history. This article delves into the life and achievements of Milkha Singh, highlighting his struggles, determination, and success.

Early Life and Struggles of Milkha Singh

Milkha Singh was born on October 20, 1929, in a village called Govindpura, near Muzaffargarh in Punjab (now in Pakistan). His parents died in the violence that erupted during the partition of India, leaving him and his siblings to fend for themselves. Milkha Singh witnessed the horrors of the partition, including the death of his parents and several family members.

He lost his parents during the partition of India in 1947 and was forced to flee his village along with his siblings. The journey was arduous, and he witnessed the horrors of communal violence and bloodshed.

After reaching India, Milkha Singh struggled to make ends meet. He worked odd jobs and even sold milk to support his family. It was during this time that he developed an interest in running and started participating in local races.

Sports Career

Milkha Singh’s early Sports career was marked by setbacks and disappointments. He failed to win any major race for several years and was often overshadowed by other athletes. However, he did not give up and continued to train hard.

Milkha Singh participated in the 1956 Melbourne Olympics, where he narrowly missed the bronze medal in the 400m race. The disappointment of missing out on a medal spurred him on to greater heights. He went on to win the gold medal in the 400m and 4x400m relay at the 1958 Asian Games in Tokyo. Milkha Singh also won gold in the 400m race at the 1962 Jakarta Asian Games.

However, Milkha Singh’s greatest achievement came at the 1960 Rome Olympics, where he broke the national record and finished fourth in the 400m final. His time of 45.73 seconds remained the Indian national record for almost 40 years. Milkha Singh’s performance at the Olympics earned him the title of the ‘Flying Sikh’ and made him a national hero.

Milkha Singh’s sporting career was not just limited to running. He also won several medals in other sports like kabaddi, hockey, and football. Milkha Singh retired from active sports in 1964, after winning several medals and accolades.

Legacy and Contributions

Milkha Singh’s contribution to Indian sports is immense. He paved the way for future generations of athletes to follow their dreams and inspired them to achieve greatness. Milkha Singh’s achievements earned him several awards and honors, including the Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan, and the Arjuna Award. He was also honored with the title of ‘Legend of Indian Sports’ by the Indian Olympic Association.

Apart from his sporting achievements, Milkha Singh was also a philanthropist and social worker. He started the Milkha Singh Charitable Trust to provide financial assistance to athletes from economically weaker sections. Milkha Singh also helped in the development of sports infrastructure in India and encouraged the youth to take up sports as a career.

Milkha Singh’s life was an inspiration to many. His dedication, hard work, and perseverance in the face of adversity are a testament to his character. He was a true champion in every sense of the word and a source of pride for the nation.

Training and Technique:

Milkha Singh’s success was not just a result of his natural talent but also his rigorous training and unique running technique. He focused on building his stamina and strength through long-distance runs and weight training. Milkha Singh also developed a distinctive ‘sprint style’ of running, where he would lean forward and pump his arms vigorously to gain speed.

Personal Life:

Milkha Singh’s personal life was marked by tragedy and loss. Apart from the trauma of partition, he also lost his wife and one-year-old daughter in a plane crash in 1995. However, Milkha Singh’s unwavering spirit and determination helped him overcome these setbacks and continue to contribute to society.

Inspirational Figure:

Milkha Singh’s story has inspired countless people, not just in India but around the world. His struggles and success are a reminder that with hard work and perseverance, anything is possible. Milkha Singh’s life story has been documented in books and movies, further cementing his legacy as a role model and hero.

Impact on Indian Sports:

Milkha Singh’s achievements paved the way for Indian sports to gain greater recognition and respect on the international stage. He inspired generations of Indian athletes to take up sports and represent the country with pride. Milkha Singh’s legacy continues to influence the development of sports infrastructure in India, with several stadiums and training centers named in his honor.

Milkha Singh, the legendary Indian athlete, passed away on June 18, 2021, due to complications related to COVID-19. His death was a great loss for the nation, and tributes poured in from all corners of the country.

Milkha Singh was admitted to a hospital in Chandigarh, Milkha Singh’s condition worsened, and he was shifted to the ICU. Despite the best efforts of the medical team, he passed away at the age of 91.

The news of Milkha Singh’s death was met with shock and grief, as he was not just a sports icon but also a national hero and inspiration to millions. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Non-current President Ram Nath Kovind were among the many dignitaries who paid tribute to Milkha Singh, highlighting his contribution to Indian sports and society.

Milkha Singh’s death marked the end of an era and a reminder of his immense impact on Indian sports and society.


In conclusion, Milkha Singh’s life and achievements are a testament to the power of determination and perseverance. He rose above his difficult circumstances to become a national hero and inspire future generations of athletes.

He overcame the hardships of his early life to become one of the greatest athletes in Indian history. His contribution to Indian sports and society will always be remembered. Milkha Singh’s life is a lesson in determination, perseverance, and resilience.


By Admin

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